dimecres, 7 d’agost de 2013

Les llistes com a base del cànon literari

Comencem per les llistes més òbvies. Anem d'allò més genèric a allò més concret. Primer agafem el concepte "llibre" com a maó bàsic de la llista i no la limitem a cap gènere ni llengua concretes.

Exemple típic i fàcil de trobar a una cerca bàsica a Google (sí, és de Wikipèdia):

List of the 100 Best Books of All Time

TitleAuthorYearCountryLanguage
Things Fall ApartChinua Achebe1958NigeriaEnglish
Fairy talesHans Christian Andersen1835–37DenmarkDanish
The Divine ComedyDante Alighieri1265–1321ItalyItalian
Epic of GilgameshUnknown18th – 17th century BCESumer and Akkadian EmpireAkkadian
Book of JobUnknown6th – 4th century BCEAchaemenid EmpireHebrew
One Thousand and One NightsUnknown700–1500India/Iran/Iraq/EgyptPersian
Njál's SagaUnknown13th centuryIcelandOld Norse
Pride and PrejudiceJane Austen1813United KingdomEnglish
Le Père GoriotHonoré de Balzac1835FranceFrench
MolloyMalone DiesThe Unnamable, a trilogySamuel Beckett1951–53Republic of IrelandFrench, English
The DecameronGiovanni Boccaccio1349–53RavennaItalian
FiccionesJorge Luis Borges1944–86ArgentinaSpanish
Wuthering HeightsEmily Brontë1847United KingdomEnglish
The StrangerAlbert Camus1942AlgeriaFrench EmpireFrench
PoemsPaul Celan1952RomaniaFranceGerman
Journey to the End of the NightLouis-Ferdinand Céline1932FranceFrench
Don QuixoteMiguel de Cervantes1605 (part 1), 1615 (part 2)SpainSpanish
The Canterbury TalesGeoffrey Chaucer14th centuryEnglandEnglish
StoriesAnton Chekhov1886RussiaRussian
NostromoJoseph Conrad1904United KingdomEnglish
Great ExpectationsCharles Dickens1861United KingdomEnglish
Jacques the FatalistDenis Diderot1796FranceFrench
Berlin AlexanderplatzAlfred Döblin1929GermanyGerman
Crime and PunishmentFyodor Dostoevsky1866RussiaRussian
The IdiotFyodor Dostoevsky1869RussiaRussian
The PossessedFyodor Dostoevsky1872RussiaRussian
The Brothers KaramazovFyodor Dostoevsky1880RussiaRussian
MiddlemarchGeorge Eliot1871United KingdomEnglish
Invisible ManRalph Ellison1952United StatesEnglish
MedeaEuripides431 BCEGreeceGreek
Absalom, Absalom!William Faulkner1936United StatesEnglish
The Sound and the FuryWilliam Faulkner1929United StatesEnglish
Madame BovaryGustave Flaubert1857FranceFrench
Sentimental EducationGustave Flaubert1869FranceFrench
Gypsy BalladsFederico García Lorca1928SpainSpanish
One Hundred Years of SolitudeGabriel García Márquez1967ColombiaSpanish
Love in the Time of CholeraGabriel García Márquez1985ColombiaSpanish
FaustJohann Wolfgang von Goethe1832Saxe-WeimarGerman
Dead SoulsNikolai Gogol1842RussiaRussian
The Tin DrumGünter Grass1959GermanyGerman
The Devil to Pay in the BacklandsJoão Guimarães Rosa1956BrazilPortuguese
HungerKnut Hamsun1890NorwayNorwegian
The Old Man and the SeaErnest Hemingway1952United StatesEnglish
IliadHomer850–750 BCEGreeceGreek
OdysseyHomer8th century BCEGreeceGreek
A Doll's HouseHenrik Ibsen1879NorwayNorwegian
UlyssesJames Joyce1922Irish Free StateEnglish
StoriesFranz Kafka1924AustriaGerman
The TrialFranz Kafka1925AustriaGerman
The CastleFranz Kafka1926AustriaGerman
ShakuntalaKālidāsa1st century BCE – 4th century CEIndiaSanskrit
The Sound of the MountainYasunari Kawabata1954JapanJapanese
Zorba the GreekNikos Kazantzakis1946GreeceGreek
Sons and LoversD. H. Lawrence1913United KingdomEnglish
Independent PeopleHalldór Laxness1934–35IcelandIcelandic
PoemsGiacomo Leopardi1818ItalyItalian
The Golden NotebookDoris Lessing1962United KingdomEnglish
Pippi LongstockingAstrid Lindgren1945SwedenSwedish
A Madman's DiaryLu Xun1918ChinaChinese
Children of GebelawiNaguib Mahfouz1959EgyptArabic
BuddenbrooksThomas Mann1901GermanyGerman
The Magic MountainThomas Mann1924GermanyGerman
Moby-DickHerman Melville1851United StatesEnglish
EssaysMichel de Montaigne1595FranceFrench
HistoryElsa Morante1974ItalyItalian
BelovedToni Morrison1987United StatesEnglish
The Tale of GenjiMurasaki Shikibu11th centuryJapanJapanese
The Man Without QualitiesRobert Musil1930–32AustriaGerman
LolitaVladimir Nabokov1955Russia/United StatesEnglish
Nineteen Eighty-FourGeorge Orwell1949United KingdomEnglish
MetamorphosesOvid1st century CERoman EmpireClassical Latin
The Book of DisquietFernando Pessoa1928PortugalPortuguese
TalesEdgar Allan Poe19th centuryUnited StatesEnglish
In Search of Lost TimeMarcel Proust1913–27FranceFrench
The Life of Gargantua and of PantagruelFrançois Rabelais1532–34FranceFrench
Pedro PáramoJuan Rulfo1955MexicoSpanish
MasnaviRumi1258–73PersiaMongol EmpirePersian
Midnight's ChildrenSalman Rushdie1981United Kingdom, IndiaEnglish
BostanSaadi1257PersiaMongol EmpirePersian
Season of Migration to the NorthTayeb Salih1966SudanArabic
BlindnessJosé Saramago1995PortugalPortuguese
HamletWilliam Shakespeare1603EnglandEnglish
King LearWilliam Shakespeare1608EnglandEnglish
OthelloWilliam Shakespeare1609EnglandEnglish
Oedipus the KingSophocles430 BCEGreeceGreek
The Red and the BlackStendhal1830FranceFrench
Tristram ShandyLaurence Sterne1760EnglandEnglish
Confessions of ZenoItalo Svevo1923ItalyItalian
Gulliver's TravelsJonathan Swift1726IrelandEnglish
War and PeaceLeo Tolstoy1865–1869RussiaRussian
Anna KareninaLeo Tolstoy1877RussiaRussian
The Death of Ivan IlyichLeo Tolstoy1886RussiaRussian
Adventures of Huckleberry FinnMark Twain1884United StatesEnglish
RamayanaValmiki3rd century BCE – 3rd century CEIndiaSanskrit
AeneidVirgil29–19 BCERoman EmpireClassical Latin
MahabharataVyasa4th century BCE – 4th century CEIndiaSanskrit
Leaves of GrassWalt Whitman1855United StatesEnglish
Mrs DallowayVirginia Woolf1925United KingdomEnglish
To the LighthouseVirginia Woolf1927United KingdomEnglish
Memoirs of HadrianMarguerite Yourcenar1951FranceFrench

Tan interessant com la llista es si --i la nostra relació amb els elements que la componen (quants d'aquests llibres hem llegit, si estem o no d'acord que siguin a la llista, si trobem que hi ha llibres que no hi són i s'ho mereixen, etc.)-- és la llista que se'ns proporciona a continuació i que tracta dels autors que s'ha considerat per elaborar la llista:

List of Authors Surveyed

NameCountry
Chinghiz AitmatovKyrgyzstan
Ahmet AltanTurkey
Aharon AppelfeldIsrael
Paul AusterUnited States
Félix de AzúaSpain
Julian BarnesUnited Kingdom
Simin BehbahaniIran
Robert BlyUnited States
André BrinkSouth Africa
Suzanne BrøggerDenmark
A. S. ByattUnited Kingdom
Peter CareyAustralia
Martha CerdaMexico
Jung ChangChina/United Kingdom
Maryse CondéFrance
Mia CoutoMozambique
Jim CraceUnited Kingdom
Edwidge DanticatHaiti
Bei DaoChina
Assia DjebarAlgeria
Mahmoud DowlatabadiIran
Jean EchenozFrance
Kerstin EkmanSweden
Nathan EnglanderUnited States
Hans Magnus EnzensbergerGermany
Emilio EstévezCuba
Nuruddin FarahSomalia
Kjartan FløgstadNorway
Jon FosseNorway
Janet FrameNew Zealand
Marilyn FrenchUnited States
Carlos FuentesMexico
Izzat GhazzawiPalestine
Amitav GhoshIndia
Pere GimferrerSpain
Nadine GordimerSouth Africa
David GrossmanIsrael
Einar Már GuðmundssonIceland
Seamus HeaneyIreland
Christoph HeinGermany
Aleksandar HemonBosnia-Herzegovina
Alice HoffmanUnited States
Chenjerai HoveZimbabwe
Sonallah IbrahimEgypt
John IrvingUnited States
P. C. JersildSweden
Yasar KemalTurkey
Jan KjærstadNorway
Milan KunderaCzech Republic/France
Leena LanderFinland
John le CarréUnited Kingdom
Siegfried LenzGermany
Doris LessingUnited Kingdom
Astrid LindgrenSweden
Viivi LuikEstonia
Amin MaaloufLebanon/France
Claudio MagrisItaly
Norman MailerUnited States
Tomás Eloy MartínezArgentina
Frank McCourtIreland/United States
Gita MehtaIndia
Ana MirandaBrazil
Rohinton MistryIndia/Canada
Abdel Rahman MunifSaudi-Arabia
Herta MüllerRomania
V. S. NaipaulTrinidad/United Kingdom
Cees NooteboomNetherlands
Ben OkriNigeria/United Kingdom
Orhan PamukTurkey
Sara ParetskyUnited States
Jayne Anne PhillipsUnited States
Valentin RasputinRussia
João Ubaldo RibeiroBrazil
Alain Robbe-GrilletFrance
Salman RushdieIndia/United Kingdom
Nawal El SaadawiEgypt
Hanan al-ShaykhLebanon
Nihad SireesSyria
Göran SonneviSweden
Susan SontagUnited States
Wole SoyinkaNigeria
Gerold SpäthSwitzerland
Graham SwiftUnited Kingdom
Antonio TabucchiItaly
Fouad al-TikerlyIraq
D. M. ThomasUnited Kingdom
Adam ThorpeUnited Kingdom
Kirsten ThorupDenmark
Aleksandr TkachenkoRussia
Pramoedya Ananta ToerIndonesia
Olga TokarczukPoland
Michel TournierFrance
Jean-Philippe ToussaintBelgium
Mehmed UzunTurkey
Nils-Aslak ValkeapääSápmi
Vassilis VassilikosGreece
Yvonne VeraZimbabwe
Fay WeldonUnited Kingdom
Christa WolfGermany
A. B. YehoshuaIsrael
Spôjmaï ZariâbAfghanistan

Que què em crida l'atenció? Doncs, home, per proximitat cultural, que hi hagi el Pere Gimferrer i el Félix de Azúa. No entraré a jutjar res, perquè al primer no l'he llegit (de moment no m'hi he posat) i al segon el vaig llegir una mica i me'n vaig cansar (potser "cansar" sigui un terme una mica massa fort).

Més exemples de llistes? Aquesta de "The Guardian" també està feta sobre una base de 100 llibres en qualsevol llengua, però ara són novel·les:

1. Don Quixote Miguel De Cervantes
The story of the gentle knight and his servant Sancho Panza has entranced readers for centuries.
2. Pilgrim's Progress John Bunyan
The one with the Slough of Despond and Vanity Fair. 
3. Robinson Crusoe Daniel Defoe
The first English novel. 
4. Gulliver's Travels Jonathan Swift
A wonderful satire that still works for all ages, despite the savagery of Swift's vision.
5. Tom Jones Henry Fielding
The adventures of a high-spirited orphan boy: an unbeatable plot and a lot of sex ending in a blissful marriage.
6. Clarissa Samuel Richardson
One of the longest novels in the English language, but unputdownable.
7. Tristram Shandy Laurence Sterne
One of the first bestsellers, dismissed by Dr Johnson as too fashionable for its own good.
8. Dangerous Liaisons Pierre Choderlos De Laclos
An epistolary novel and a handbook for seducers: foppish, French, and ferocious. 
9. Emma Jane Austen
Near impossible choice between this and Pride and Prejudice. But Emma never fails to fascinate and annoy. 
10. Frankenstein Mary Shelley
Inspired by spending too much time with Shelley and Byron. 
11. Nightmare Abbey Thomas Love Peacock
A classic miniature: a brilliant satire on the Romantic novel. 
12. The Black Sheep Honore De Balzac
Two rivals fight for the love of a femme fatale. Wrongly overlooked. 
13. The Charterhouse of Parma Stendhal
Penetrating and compelling chronicle of life in an Italian court in post-Napoleonic France. 
14. The Count of Monte Cristo Alexandre Dumas
A revenge thriller also set in France after Bonaparte: a masterpiece of adventure writing. 
15. Sybil Benjamin Disraeli
Apart from Churchill, no other British political figure shows literary genius.
16. David Copperfield Charles Dickens
This highly autobiographical novel is the one its author liked best. 
17. Wuthering Heights Emily Bronte
Catherine Earnshaw and Heathcliff have passed into the language. Impossible to ignore. 
18. Jane Eyre Charlotte Bronte
Obsessive emotional grip and haunting narrative.
19. Vanity Fair William Makepeace Thackeray
The improving tale of Becky Sharp. 
20. The Scarlet Letter Nathaniel Hawthorne
A classic investigation of the American mind.
21. Moby-Dick Herman Melville
'Call me Ishmael' is one of the most famous opening sentences of any novel.
22. Madame Bovary Gustave Flaubert
You could summarise this as a story of adultery in provincial France, and miss the point entirely.
23. The Woman in White Wilkie Collins
Gripping mystery novel of concealed identity, abduction, fraud and mental cruelty. 
24. Alice's Adventures In Wonderland Lewis Carroll
A story written for the nine-year-old daughter of an Oxford don that still baffles most kids.
25. Little Women Louisa M. Alcott
Victorian bestseller about a New England family of girls. 
26. The Way We Live Now Anthony Trollope
A majestic assault on the corruption of late Victorian England.
27. Anna Karenina Leo Tolstoy
The supreme novel of the married woman's passion for a younger man.
28. Daniel Deronda George Eliot
A passion and an exotic grandeur that is strange and unsettling.
29. The Brothers Karamazov Fyodor Dostoevsky
Mystical tragedy by the author of Crime and Punishment. 
30. The Portrait of a Lady Henry James
The story of Isabel Archer shows James at his witty and polished best.
31. Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain
Twain was a humorist, but this picture of Mississippi life is profoundly moral and still incredibly influential.
32. Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde Robert Louis Stevenson
A brilliantly suggestive, resonant study of human duality by a natural storyteller. 
33. Three Men in a Boat Jerome K. Jerome
One of the funniest English books ever written. 
34. The Picture of Dorian Gray Oscar Wilde
A coded and epigrammatic melodrama inspired by his own tortured homosexuality. 
35. The Diary of a Nobody George Grossmith
This classic of Victorian suburbia will always be renowned for the character of Mr Pooter. 
36. Jude the Obscure Thomas Hardy
Its savage bleakness makes it one of the first twentieth-century novels. 
37. The Riddle of the Sands Erskine Childers
A prewar invasion-scare spy thriller by a writer later shot for his part in the Irish republican rising. 
38. The Call of the Wild Jack London
The story of a dog who joins a pack of wolves after his master's death. 
39. Nostromo Joseph Conrad
Conrad's masterpiece: a tale of money, love and revolutionary politics. 
40. The Wind in the Willows Kenneth Grahame
This children's classic was inspired by bedtime stories for Grahame's son. 
41. In Search of Lost Time Marcel Proust
An unforgettable portrait of Paris in the belle epoque. Probably the longest novel on this list. 
42. The Rainbow D. H. Lawrence
Novels seized by the police, like this one, have a special afterlife. 
43. The Good Soldier Ford Madox Ford
This account of the adulterous lives of two Edwardian couples is a classic of unreliable narration. 
44. The Thirty-Nine Steps John Buchan
A classic adventure story for boys, jammed with action, violence and suspense. 
45. Ulysses James Joyce
Also pursued by the British police, this is a novel more discussed than read. 
46. Mrs Dalloway Virginia Woolf
Secures Woolf's position as one of the great twentieth-century English novelists. 
47. A Passage to India E. M. Forster
The great novel of the British Raj, it remains a brilliant study of empire. 
48. The Great Gatsby F. Scott Fitzgerald
The quintessential Jazz Age novel.
49. The Trial Franz Kafka
The enigmatic story of Joseph K. 
50. Men Without Women Ernest Hemingway
He is remembered for his novels, but it was the short stories that first attracted notice. 
51. Journey to the End of the Night Louis-Ferdinand Celine
The experiences of an unattractive slum doctor during the Great War: a masterpiece of linguistic innovation.
52. As I Lay Dying William Faulkner
A strange black comedy by an American master. 
53. Brave New World Aldous Huxley
Dystopian fantasy about the world of the seventh century AF (after Ford). 
54. Scoop Evelyn Waugh
The supreme Fleet Street novel. 
55. USA John Dos Passos
An extraordinary trilogy that uses a variety of narrative devices to express the story of America. 
56. The Big Sleep Raymond Chandler
Introducing Philip Marlowe: cool, sharp, handsome - and bitterly alone. 
57. The Pursuit Of Love Nancy Mitford
An exquisite comedy of manners with countless fans. 
58. The Plague Albert Camus
A mysterious plague sweeps through the Algerian town of Oran. 
59. Nineteen Eighty-Four George Orwell
This tale of one man's struggle against totalitarianism has been appropriated the world over. 
60. Malone Dies Samuel Beckett
Part of a trilogy of astonishing monologues in the black comic voice of the author of Waiting for Godot. 
61. Catcher in the Rye J.D. Salinger
A week in the life of Holden Caulfield. A cult novel that still mesmerises. 
62. Wise Blood Flannery O'Connor
A disturbing novel of religious extremism set in the Deep South. 
63. Charlotte's Web E. B. White
How Wilbur the pig was saved by the literary genius of a friendly spider. 
64. The Lord Of The Rings J. R. R. Tolkien
Enough said! 
65. Lucky Jim Kingsley Amis
An astonishing debut: the painfully funny English novel of the Fifties. 
66. Lord of the Flies William Golding
Schoolboys become savages: a bleak vision of human nature. 
67. The Quiet American Graham Greene
Prophetic novel set in 1950s Vietnam.
68 On the Road Jack Kerouac
The Beat Generation bible.
69. Lolita Vladimir Nabokov
Humbert Humbert's obsession with Lolita is a tour de force of style and narrative. 
70. The Tin Drum Gunter Grass
Hugely influential, Rabelaisian novel of Hitler's Germany. 
71. Things Fall Apart Chinua Achebe
Nigeria at the beginning of colonialism. A classic of African literature. 
72. The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie Muriel Spark
A writer who made her debut in The Observer - and her prose is like cut glass. 
73. To Kill A Mockingbird Harper Lee
Scout, a six-year-old girl, narrates an enthralling story of racial prejudice in the Deep South. 
74. Catch-22 Joseph Heller
'[He] would be crazy to fly more missions and sane if he didn't, but if he was sane he had to fly them. If he flew them he was crazy and didn't have to; if he didn't want to he was sane and had to.' 
75. Herzog Saul Bellow
Adultery and nervous breakdown in Chicago. 
76. One Hundred Years of Solitude Gabriel Garcia Marquez
A postmodern masterpiece. 
77. Mrs Palfrey at the Claremont Elizabeth Taylor
A haunting, understated study of old age. 
78. Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy John Le Carre
A thrilling elegy for post-imperial Britain. 
79. Song of Solomon Toni Morrison
The definitive novelist of the African-American experience. 
80. The Bottle Factory Outing Beryl Bainbridge
Macabre comedy of provincial life. 
81. The Executioner's Song Norman Mailer
This quasi-documentary account of the life and death of Gary Gilmore is possibly his masterpiece.
82. If on a Winter's Night a Traveller Italo Calvino
A strange, compelling story about the pleasures of reading. 
83. A Bend in the River V. S. Naipaul
The finest living writer of English prose. This is his masterpiece: edgily reminiscent of Heart of Darkness.
84. Waiting for the Barbarians J.M. Coetzee
Bleak but haunting allegory of apartheid by the Nobel prizewinner. 
85. Housekeeping Marilynne Robinson
Haunting, poetic story, drowned in water and light, about three generations of women. 
86. Lanark Alasdair Gray
Seething vision of Glasgow. A Scottish classic. 
87. The New York Trilogy Paul Auster
Dazzling metaphysical thriller set in the Manhattan of the 1970s. 
88. The BFG Roald Dahl
A bestseller by the most popular postwar writer for children of all ages. 
89. The Periodic Table Primo Levi
A prose poem about the delights of chemistry. 
90. Money Martin Amis
The novel that bags Amis's place on any list. 
91. An Artist of the Floating World Kazuo Ishiguro
A collaborator from prewar Japan reluctantly discloses his betrayal of friends and family. 
92. Oscar And Lucinda Peter Carey
A great contemporary love story set in nineteenth-century Australia by double Booker prizewinner. 
93. The Book of Laughter and Forgetting Milan Kundera
Inspired by the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968, this is a magical fusion of history, autobiography and ideas. 
94. Haroun and the Sea af Stories Salman Rushdie
In this entrancing story Rushdie plays with the idea of narrative itself. 
95. La Confidential James Ellroy
Three LAPD detectives are brought face to face with the secrets of their corrupt and violent careers. 
96. Wise Children Angela Carter
A theatrical extravaganza by a brilliant exponent of magic realism. 
97. Atonement Ian McEwan
Acclaimed short-story writer achieves a contemporary classic of mesmerising narrative conviction. 
98. Northern Lights Philip Pullman
Lyra's quest weaves fantasy, horror and the play of ideas into a truly great contemporary children's book. 
99. American Pastoral Philip Roth
For years, Roth was famous for Portnoy's Complaint . Recently, he has enjoyed an extraordinary revival. 
100. Austerlitz W. G. Sebald
Posthumously published volume in a sequence of dream-like fictions spun from memory, photographs and the German past.
Més. Ara la famosa llista de les millors 100 novel·les de la Modern Library en les versions "dels editors" i "dels lectors":

  1. ULYSSESby James Joyce
  2. THE GREAT GATSBYby F. Scott Fitzgerald
  3. A PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST AS A YOUNG MANby James Joyce
  4. LOLITAby Vladimir Nabokov
  5. BRAVE NEW WORLDby Aldous Huxley
  6. THE SOUND AND THE FURYby William Faulkner
  7. CATCH-22by Joseph Heller
  8. DARKNESS AT NOONby Arthur Koestler
  9. SONS AND LOVERSby D.H. Lawrence
  10. THE GRAPES OF WRATHby John Steinbeck
  11. UNDER THE VOLCANOby Malcolm Lowry
  12. THE WAY OF ALL FLESHby Samuel Butler
  13. 1984by George Orwell
  14. I, CLAUDIUSby Robert Graves
  15. TO THE LIGHTHOUSEby Virginia Woolf
  16. AN AMERICAN TRAGEDYby Theodore Dreiser
  17. THE HEART IS A LONELY HUNTERby Carson McCullers
  18. SLAUGHTERHOUSE-FIVEby Kurt Vonnegut
  19. INVISIBLE MANby Ralph Ellison
  20. NATIVE SONby Richard Wright
  21. HENDERSON THE RAIN KINGby Saul Bellow
  22. APPOINTMENT IN SAMARRAby John O’Hara
  23. U.S.A.(trilogy)by John Dos Passos
  24. WINESBURG, OHIOby Sherwood Anderson
  25. A PASSAGE TO INDIAby E.M. Forster
  26. THE WINGS OF THE DOVEby Henry James
  27. THE AMBASSADORSby Henry James
  28. TENDER IS THE NIGHTby F. Scott Fitzgerald
  29. THE STUDS LONIGAN TRILOGYby James T. Farrell
  30. THE GOOD SOLDIERby Ford Madox Ford
  31. ANIMAL FARMby George Orwell
  32. THE GOLDEN BOWLby Henry James
  33. SISTER CARRIEby Theodore Dreiser
  34. A HANDFUL OF DUSTby Evelyn Waugh
  35. AS I LAY DYINGby William Faulkner
  36. ALL THE KING’S MENby Robert Penn Warren
  37. THE BRIDGE OF SAN LUIS REYby Thornton Wilder
  38. HOWARDS ENDby E.M. Forster
  39. GO TELL IT ON THE MOUNTAINby James Baldwin
  40. THE HEART OF THE MATTERby Graham Greene
  41. LORD OF THE FLIESby William Golding
  42. DELIVERANCEby James Dickey
  43. A DANCE TO THE MUSIC OF TIME (series)by Anthony Powell
  44. POINT COUNTER POINTby Aldous Huxley
  45. THE SUN ALSO RISESby Ernest Hemingway
  46. THE SECRET AGENTby Joseph Conrad
  47. NOSTROMOby Joseph Conrad
  48. THE RAINBOWby D.H. Lawrence
  49. WOMEN IN LOVEby D.H. Lawrence
  50. TROPIC OF CANCERby Henry Miller
  51. THE NAKED AND THE DEADby Norman Mailer
  52. PORTNOY’S COMPLAINTby Philip Roth
  53. PALE FIREby Vladimir Nabokov
  54. LIGHT IN AUGUSTby William Faulkner
  55. ON THE ROADby Jack Kerouac
  56. THE MALTESE FALCONby Dashiell Hammett
  57. PARADE’S ENDby Ford Madox Ford
  58. THE AGE OF INNOCENCEby Edith Wharton
  59. ZULEIKA DOBSONby Max Beerbohm
  60. THE MOVIEGOERby Walker Percy
  61. DEATH COMES FOR THE ARCHBISHOPby Willa Cather
  62. FROM HERE TO ETERNITYby James Jones
  63. THE WAPSHOT CHRONICLESby John Cheever
  64. THE CATCHER IN THE RYEby J.D. Salinger
  65. A CLOCKWORK ORANGEby Anthony Burgess
  66. OF HUMAN BONDAGEby W. Somerset Maugham
  67. HEART OF DARKNESSby Joseph Conrad
  68. MAIN STREETby Sinclair Lewis
  69. THE HOUSE OF MIRTHby Edith Wharton
  70. THE ALEXANDRIA QUARTETby Lawrence Durell
  71. A HIGH WIND IN JAMAICAby Richard Hughes
  72. A HOUSE FOR MR BISWASby V.S. Naipaul
  73. THE DAY OF THE LOCUSTby Nathanael West
  74. A FAREWELL TO ARMSby Ernest Hemingway
  75. SCOOPby Evelyn Waugh
  76. THE PRIME OF MISS JEAN BRODIEby Muriel Spark
  77. FINNEGANS WAKEby James Joyce
  78. KIMby Rudyard Kipling
  79. A ROOM WITH A VIEWby E.M. Forster
  80. BRIDESHEAD REVISITEDby Evelyn Waugh
  81. THE ADVENTURES OF AUGIE MARCHby Saul Bellow
  82. ANGLE OF REPOSEby Wallace Stegner
  83. A BEND IN THE RIVERby V.S. Naipaul
  84. THE DEATH OF THE HEARTby Elizabeth Bowen
  85. LORD JIMby Joseph Conrad
  86. RAGTIMEby E.L. Doctorow
  87. THE OLD WIVES’ TALEby Arnold Bennett
  88. THE CALL OF THE WILDby Jack London
  89. LOVINGby Henry Green
  90. MIDNIGHT’S CHILDRENby Salman Rushdie
  91. TOBACCO ROADby Erskine Caldwell
  92. IRONWEEDby William Kennedy
  93. THE MAGUSby John Fowles
  94. WIDE SARGASSO SEAby Jean Rhys
  95. UNDER THE NETby Iris Murdoch
  96. SOPHIE’S CHOICEby William Styron
  97. THE SHELTERING SKYby Paul Bowles
  98. THE POSTMAN ALWAYS RINGS TWICEby James M. Cain
  99. THE GINGER MANby J.P. Donleavy
  100. THE MAGNIFICENT AMBERSONSby Booth Tarkington

  1. ATLAS SHRUGGEDby Ayn Rand
  2. THE FOUNTAINHEADby Ayn Rand
  3. BATTLEFIELD EARTHby L. Ron Hubbard
  4. THE LORD OF THE RINGSby J.R.R. Tolkien
  5. TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRDby Harper Lee
  6. 1984by George Orwell
  7. ANTHEMby Ayn Rand
  8. WE THE LIVINGby Ayn Rand
  9. MISSION EARTHby L. Ron Hubbard
  10. FEARby L. Ron Hubbard
  11. ULYSSESby James Joyce
  12. CATCH-22by Joseph Heller
  13. THE GREAT GATSBYby F. Scott Fitzgerald
  14. DUNEby Frank Herbert
  15. THE MOON IS A HARSH MISTRESSby Robert Heinlein
  16. STRANGER IN A STRANGE LANDby Robert Heinlein
  17. A TOWN LIKE ALICEby Nevil Shute
  18. BRAVE NEW WORLDby Aldous Huxley
  19. THE CATCHER IN THE RYEby J.D. Salinger
  20. ANIMAL FARMby George Orwell
  21. GRAVITY’S RAINBOWby Thomas Pynchon
  22. THE GRAPES OF WRATHby John Steinbeck
  23. SLAUGHTERHOUSE FIVEby Kurt Vonnegut
  24. GONE WITH THE WINDby Margaret Mitchell
  25. LORD OF THE FLIESby William Golding
  26. SHANEby Jack Schaefer
  27. TRUSTEE FROM THE TOOLROOMby Nevil Shute
  28. A PRAYER FOR OWEN MEANYby John Irving
  29. THE STANDby Stephen King
  30. THE FRENCH LIEUTENANT’S WOMANby John Fowles
  31. BELOVEDby Toni Morrison
  32. THE WORM OUROBOROSby E.R. Eddison
  33. THE SOUND AND THE FURYby William Faulkner
  34. LOLITAby Vladimir Nabokov
  35. MOONHEARTby Charles de Lint
  36. ABSALOM, ABSALOM!by William Faulkner
  37. OF HUMAN BONDAGEby W. Somerset Maugham
  38. WISE BLOODby Flannery O’Connor
  39. UNDER THE VOLCANOby Malcolm Lowry
  40. FIFTH BUSINESSby Robertson Davies
  41. SOMEPLACE TO BE FLYINGby Charles de Lint
  42. ON THE ROADby Jack Kerouac
  43. HEART OF DARKNESSby Joseph Conrad
  44. YARROWby Charles de Lint
  45. AT THE MOUNTAINS OF MADNESSby H.P. Lovecraft
  46. ONE LONELY NIGHTby Mickey Spillane
  47. MEMORY AND DREAMby Charles de Lint
  48. TO THE LIGHTHOUSEby Virginia Woolf
  49. THE MOVIEGOERby Walker Percy
  50. TRADERby Charles de Lint
  51. THE HITCHHIKER’S GUIDE TO THE GALAXYby Douglas Adams
  52. THE HEART IS A LONELY HUNTERby Carson McCullers
  53. THE HANDMAID’S TALEby Margaret Atwood
  54. BLOOD MERIDIANby Cormac McCarthy
  55. A CLOCKWORK ORANGEby Anthony Burgess
  56. ON THE BEACHby Nevil Shute
  57. A PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST AS A YOUNG MANby James Joyce
  58. GREENMANTLEby Charles de Lint
  59. ENDER’S GAMEby Orson Scott Card
  60. THE LITTLE COUNTRYby Charles de Lint
  61. THE RECOGNITIONSby William Gaddis
  62. STARSHIP TROOPERSby Robert Heinlein
  63. THE SUN ALSO RISESby Ernest Hemingway
  64. THE WORLD ACCORDING TO GARPby John Irving
  65. SOMETHING WICKED THIS WAY COMESby Ray Bradbury
  66. THE HAUNTING OF HILL HOUSEby Shirley Jackson
  67. AS I LAY DYINGby William Faulkner
  68. TROPIC OF CANCERby Henry Miller
  69. INVISIBLE MANby Ralph Ellison
  70. THE WOOD WIFEby Terri Windling
  71. THE MAGUSby John Fowles
  72. THE DOOR INTO SUMMERby Robert Heinlein
  73. ZEN AND THE ART OF MOTORCYCLE MAINTENANCEby Robert Pirsig
  74. I, CLAUDIUSby Robert Graves
  75. THE CALL OF THE WILDby Jack London
  76. AT SWIM-TWO-BIRDSby Flann O’Brien
  77. FARENHEIT 451by Ray Bradbury
  78. ARROWSMITHby Sinclair Lewis
  79. WATERSHIP DOWNby Richard Adams
  80. NAKED LUNCHby William S. Burroughs
  81. THE HUNT FOR RED OCTOBERby Tom Clancy
  82. GUILTY PLEASURESby Laurell K. Hamilton
  83. THE PUPPET MASTERSby Robert Heinlein
  84. ITby Stephen King
  85. V.by Thomas Pynchon
  86. DOUBLE STARby Robert Heinlein
  87. CITIZEN OF THE GALAXYby Robert Heinlein
  88. BRIDESHEAD REVISITEDby Evelyn Waugh
  89. LIGHT IN AUGUSTby William Faulkner
  90. ONE FLEW OVER THE CUCKOO’S NESTby Ken Kesey
  91. A FAREWELL TO ARMSby Ernest Hemingway
  92. THE SHELTERING SKYby Paul Bowles
  93. SOMETIMES A GREAT NOTIONby Ken Kesey
  94. MY ANTONIAby Willa Cather
  95. MULENGROby Charles de Lint
  96. SUTTREEby Cormac McCarthy
  97. MYTHAGO WOODby Robert Holdstock
  98. ILLUSIONSby Richard Bach
  99. THE CUNNING MANby Robertson Davies
  100. THE SATANIC VERSESby Salman Rushdie